A poetry analysis can be referred to as a poetry review. Basically, it’s all about a personal reflection on a specific poem that involves such important tasks as:
- Discussing figures and language used by the author;
- Analyzing different poetic tools;
- Sharing a personal opinion on a poem.
When writing a poetry analysis essay, go beyond simply reviewing phrases and words because you need to focus on a bigger picture. Read between lines to understand the main meaning because this academic assignment requires your primary research on a poem in addition to some history and background of creation.
WHAT ARE BASIC POETRY ANALYSIS WRITING STEPS?
- Read a given poem a few times;
- Analyze the first impression that it gives you;
- Write down the most important comments;
- Find out more about its author and the history of its creation;
- Determine what insured the author.
Writing about poetry is one of the most demanding academic tasks to students. By its nature poetry makes certain demands on everyone trying to analyze it, unlike other literary forms. Read on to find out how to write a confident, clear, and well-supported paper that analyzes a poem.
How to Write a Successful Poetry Review?
This academic task requires students to discuss in detail how the language of their given poems contributes to their meaning. Teachers grade them on the ability to determine a range of poetic devices, including imagery, metaphors, meters, and others. They are also graded on their detailed interpretations of poems. To write the best poetry review, organize it based on a strong thesis instead of offering a simple commentary and do the following:
- Read a given poem a few times. It’s not necessary to memorize it to write a convincing paper about it, but you need to know it quite thoroughly.
- Determine its basic meaning. Write down your personal translation of this poem in your plain language. Once this general decision is made, you can refer to it while evaluating different details.
- Focus on any unusual words. It’s helpful to determine the most important word in a couplet, line, etc. Search for the words that have unusual connotations and take notes in your poetry analysis essay.
- Identify the examples of different poetic devices. In margins, take notes of the most interesting or original ones and keep their list handy. If your professors want to see specific literary devices above others, like imagery or metaphors, put them at the top of your list.
- Mark the lines that reveal the meaning of a given poem. They are very useful in supporting a thesis statement in your essay. Pay attention to the most mysterious and confusing lines too.
- Write down a thesis and support a personal interpretation of a poem by explaining all marked lines. Focus not only one their meaning, but also mention the language that helps them express it.
- Go back to confusing lines and decide how you can make them fit the meaning of this poem and your interpretation. Be creative and come up with all kinds of outstanding ideas.
- Explain to the audience how the examples of different poetic devices emphasize the meaning and details of the chosen poem.
WHAT IS THE POINT OF COMPLETING THIS ASSIGNMENT?
To write about poetry effective, get a clear idea of the main purposes served by this assignment. Its basic goal is arguing a thesis, analyzing specific elements, evaluating their relations, etc. Why do teachers often assign this essay type? What are its benefits? A poetry analysis usually serves the following purposes:
Helping student learn to make their text-based arguments and defend their ideas available to them and other readers. This technique can help you improve important reasoning skills because it forces you to offer personal interpretation and support them by giving logical and valid reasons why other people should agree with your arguments.
- Helping you understand what you read more fully. There’s nothing that will cause you to make extra efforts to understand complex reading materials like writing about that. This academic method also helps students see the things that they may miss because it forces them to think about framing them in their analysis.
- Helping people enjoy poetry more. It may sound unlikely, but one of its biggest pleasures is your opportunity to wrestle with the text and analyze its meaning. When putting together a well-researched and constructed poetry analysis essay, you not only show your understanding of its meaning, but you also contribute to an ongoing conversation about it. If your academic writing is convincing enough, readers will find out more about a given poem because of this analysis.
WHAT SHOULD STUDENTS KNOW ABOUT THIS ACADEMIC TASK?
Any essay that you write about poems is a certain argument that should be made strongly. Ensure that you have something convincing and specific to say about a particular poem and discuss in this paper. Your thesis statement is a specific argument that will be made about it. Your basic goal is to support it by sharing relevant examples and representing enough evidence from a poem. To make your argument sound credible, analyze how this poem works by highlighting its specific elements:
- Its genre;
- Basic themes;
- Different poetic figures and techniques used by the author.
WHAT CAN YOU WRITE ABOUT IN YOUR ESSAY?
One of the best places to start when writing this academic paper is looking at any important themes that emerge in a given poem.
- Does it deal with the themes related to wars, peace, or love?
- What are other basic themes described by the author?
- Are there any specific historical events mentioned in it?
- What are the main concepts addressed in it?
How to Define a Poetic Genre?
Decide the type of a poem that you’re looking at by giving answers to the following questions:
- Is it an epic or a sonnet?
- Is it an ode or a satire?
- Are you dealing with a lyric or an elegy?
- Can this poem fit into any special literary movements, like Romanticism, Modernism, or others?
It’s another great place where students should do their research to get a better understanding of specific movements, genres, and their basic characteristics.
How to Verify Your Analyzed Poem?
Take a close look at the meter and rhyme of your poem.
- Is there any set number of syllables in every line?
- Does it have any identifiable rhyme scheme?
Iambic pentameter is the most widespread one in English poetry, and it has 5 feet of 2 syllables each. Find out more about different meters and rhymes before starting any poetry analysis. Besides, it’s worth leaning such literary techniques as enjambment, caesura, and others. Determine if there is something you can tell readers about the chosen poem from other choices of its author in your poetry analysis essay.
What about Different Figures of Speech?
They are specific literary tools used to affect how people read poems. For example, these are the most commonly used figures of speech:
- Metaphors are certain comparisons between unlikely things;
- Similes are comparisons between different things using as or like.
- Personifications are the non-human things endowed with specific human characteristics.
- Metonymies are the things that stand for something else if it’s closely related.
- Litotes are double negatives used for some extra poetic effect.
- Synechdoches are the parts that stand in for the whole.
- Irony is a difference between a surface meaning of a words and implications drawn from it.
What Is the Importance of a Cultural Context?
Determine how the poem that you want to analyze related to the entire historical context in which it’s written. There are different considerations and ideas that can take you out of a literature section, and they require you to get more information about such areas as economics, philosophy, religion, history, and so on.
What Is the Best Writing Style to Use?
When writing an essay about poetry, it’s advisable to follow a set of standard conventions, including:
- When analyzing any poem, try to use the present tense whenever you write verbs;
- Include relevant quotes from a poem to explain their significance and meaning to the main argument of your essay;
- There are different citation formats to choose from when you need to cite anything from a poem and the facts that you get from all kinds of critical resources.
If you don’t quote the poem itself, you will only damage your academic credibility when making arguments about it. When professors ask for any outside criticism, cite the points made by expert critics if they’re relevant to your central idea.