Informative essay: we know how to write it

An informative essay is expected to educate the audience about a particular topic. You need to know a good deal about your subject and convey information in rather an organized and clear manner. If it seems overwhelming, take it step by step. Working methodically can really help you complete a successful informative essay, and you might even enjoy the entire process!

How to write an informative essay: picking up a topic

As an essay writer, you’re bound to properly understand your assignment. Confirm the paper’s required length as well as any topic parameters. It will help to determine how much information you’ll require to collect and present this stuff.

  • Ensure you know how your advisor wants you to cite your sources, so you could keep track of what you actually research. By the way, some schools provide reference software such as RefWorks or EndNote. They can make collecting and keeping track of sources much easier.
  • Don’t forget about formatting requirements.
  • The deadline shouldn’t be overlooked! You’d better start as early as you can so that you have plenty of time to complete your paper.

If the topic isn’t assigned, you should choose your own theme for your paper. You can get stuck on this step especially if you have a rich choice, so it’s highly recommended to follow these rules:

  • Your topic shouldn’t be too narrow or too broad. There needs to be enough information about the theme to write about, though not so much that you can’t present concise and clear information.
  • It needs to be interesting to your readers. Think beforehand about who might be reading your informative essay. Apparently, in this case your tutor appears to be your major audience. Nevertheless, having a target audience in mind is a must-have thing. Just ask yourself what they will want to learn from your paper.
  • Ideally, It should be interesting to you too. It will greatly simplify the writing process and you can pass your enthusiasm on to the audience.

Conduct substantial research

It’s especially important for an informative paper, as you need to impart accurate data. Be especially careful to utilize objective sources written by experts on your theme. A librarian can help you to get reliable sources of information, such as relevant websites, book, encyclopedias, journals, etc. Be careful when utilizing the Internet, including Wikipedia because many pages are stuffed with unreliable content.

You’d better make use of online sources from government agencies, reputable organizations and educational institutions.

Take notes when researching

Keep jotting down interesting facts. You can also type notes on your computer. Whatever you pick up, find an effective way to keep all your notes for the informative paper in one place.

Keep track of your sources

You need to know beforehand what information you’ll require when citing sources. You should include the author, publisher, title, copyright information as well as website address.

Have your ideas brainstormed

Having collected enough material via your research, get down to brainstorming, as it will help you to put the information into relevant groups and discover the connections between them.

  • Create an ideas map. For this purpose you require placing your topic in a circle at the center of a sheet of paper. After this write down the most crucial pieces of information related to it in circles, which surround the theme. By means of lines connect every idea to the topic. Then, add details to every idea, circling them and letting lines show connections. Additionally, there might be lines, which connect ideas to each other or supporting details.
  • Compose a list. If you like the linear format of a list, write down your theme at the top and then place any ideas you have below it. Under the ideas, you should add additional details, backing them.
  • Take advantage of free writing as it really help you to generate brilliant ideas, even if it doesn’t provide well-polished prose you’ll utilize in your final draft. First, set a brief time limit. For instance, 15 minutes will be enough. Start writing whatever comes to mind about your theme. Avoid stopping to edit or fix spelling, just keep writing even if you aren’t sure you have something worthy to write about. Your primary objective here is to write for 15 minutes and nothing else.

Making an outline

Your introduction should come with a catchy hook. Present a worthy idea in your thesis statement. It shouldn’t exceed three sentences, but it should clearly articulate your argument.

Writing your thesis at the beginning of the outline will undoubtedly help you to organize your ideas and pick up the most crucial details you’re eager to present.
Utilize one key supporting detail per paragraph in the body of your informative paper. The body of your paper happens to be the part between the introductory paragraph as well as the conclusion paragraph. Choose key details from your research, demonstrating your overall thesis.

  • The number of details you utilize depends on the length of your paper. If you’re writing a five-paragraph paper, then you require three paragraphs for the body and respectively three key ideas.
  • Ensure you pick up the most crucial details, and they differ from one another.
  • Details employed to back your thesis are known as evidence.

Add supporting details for every paragraph in the body of your paper. Then, jot down smaller, backing details, which help your audience to understand the paragraph’s key idea. These might include facts, examples, quotations and further explanation.

Ensure you have enough backing details for every paragraph. However, if you don’t have enough to say about the paragraph’s key topic, you’d better change the topic or combine it with another paragraph. Perhaps, it makes sense to research a bit more just to find extra supporting details for your paragraphs.

Have your thesis restated in your conclusion. The conclusion actually summarizes what you’ve already told and also brings some new level of sophistication to the original thesis. By the way, that’s your final opportunity to ensure that your audience understands what you’ve just written.

Writing your paper

Utilizing your outline, create a rough draft. Don’t think about spelling or grammar errors, as it’s just a rough draft, and it’s not your final copy. Focus on writing it down, later you can get back to your errors.

Give every paragraph a topic sentence. We’re talking about the first sentence in every paragraph, telling your audience the key idea of the paragraph. The topic sentence can also serve as a sort of transition from the previous paragraph’s major idea to the new paragraph’s key idea.

Have your paper structured in parts. Your essay will require an introductory paragraph, a body, and also a conclusion. Make use of backing details as well as your own thoughts to expand on the paragraph’s topic.

Ensure you’re clear about the idea of every paragraph. Refer to your outline when writing to keep yourself on track.

Now it’s time to edit your rough draft. Look through your rough draft several times and then ask the following questions:

  • Have you utilized concise and clear prose and stood away from flowery language?
  • Does every paragraph have one key idea, backed by objective and accurate details?
  • Do all your paragraphs relate to your thesis?
  • How does your essay flow?
  • Have your mentioned sources?
  • Are there logical transitions between your paragraphs?
  • Is there a clear thesis statement, illustrated in several sentences?
  • Does the conclusion summarize your ideas on the theme without adding new views or information?
  • Did the audience learn something new from your paper?

Now shift to your final draft. Having made notes on your rough draft, have it transformed into a final draft. If you’ve completed the work on your rough draft, then turning this stuff into your final draft won’t be difficult.

As you work on your final draft, keep tracking coherence. Rough drafts often come with ideas jumbled up without a logical and clear progression. A major difference between a rough draft as well as a final draft is that the final draft is expected to offer its information in rather a smooth, easy-to-read and clear manner, built around previous points.

Have your language finalized. Having organized your paragraphs in a logical progression, focus on your language choices. Read through your ready-made paper aloud, paying attention to any places, which sound awkward and odd. Have them revised.

Also pay attention to words, showing up many times within the space of several paragraphs or sentences. Avoid utilizing the word discusses several times in the same paragraph because it can make your writing unpolished and clunky.

Proofread the final draft

Errors can occur, ensure to give your final draft an extra read-through, checking for grammar and spelling mistakes